Master craftsmen

Mosaics, stained glass, ceramics and wood

Modernist architects at the time always had a team of master artists and craftsmen to help them carry out their work. They became "orchestra conductors" who directed more than forty people specialized in the arts of mosaics, wood, stained glass, ceramics, wrought iron... Lluís Domènech i Montaner was not an exception and, together with decorator Gaspar Homar, comanded a large team of artists and craftsmen who took part in the remodelling of the Lleó i Morera House. Modernism would not have been possible without all these teams of master artists.

  • Eusebi Arnau i Mascort (1863-1933)

    He was a modernist sculptor, who was noted for applying this art to architecture. He was born in Barcelona and studied at the School of Fine Arts, as a student of Agapit Vallmitjana. In his workshop, there were sculptors like Pau Gargallo or Enric Monjo. We can admirate his works at Lleó i Morera House, Amatller House, Hospital de Sant Pau and Palau de la Música, being one of the most prominent modernist sculptors. In Lleó i Morera House, he made the sculptures depicting two female figures hugging and holding vases for the façade, now missing after the building remodellation in 1943. He also sculpted reliefs which represent the popular song "The Nurse of the Child-King" at the main floor's entrance hall.

  • Lluís Brú i Salelles (1868-1952)

    Mosaicist and modernist designer. Son of painters, Lluís Bru i Salelles arrived in Barcelona at a young age and immediately received his first commission from Lluís Domènech i Montaner. He did stage design for Gran Teatre del Liceu, and he designed ceramics for the Pujol i Bausis factory in Esplugues de Llobregat. After a trip to Venice, where he went for training in the art of mosaics, he returned to Barcelona and participated in the vast majority of its modernist works. In Lleó i Morera House, he worked on ceramics and mosaics for the stairway and the main floor. 

  • Mario Maragliano Navone (1864-1944)  

    Italian mosaicist who lived in Barcelona. His education was in music, but he later learned how to do mosaics, a technique which was very widespread in Italy, especially Venice. Living in Barcelona, he worked with the great modernist architects and helped them with works such as Amatller House, Hospital de Sant Pau and Palau de la Música. In Lleó i Morera House, he worked on the mosaics for the grounds together with Lluís Brú.

  • Antoni Rigalt i Blanch (1861-1914)

    He was a painter, draughtsman and glassmaker. The modernist impulse seized Rigalt, who founded a stained glass workshop along with the architect Jeroni Ferran Granell. He worked at Palau de la Música, Hospital de Sant Pau and Trinxet House. In Lleó i Morera House, he made the stained-glass windows. The most notable one is the monumental stained-glass window, representing the tree of life, in the rear of the house.

  • Antoni Serra i Fiter (1869-1932)

    Painter and ceramicist, became the Modernism's ceramist par excellence. In carrying out his work, he had assistance from famous sculptors like Pau Gargallo or Ismael Smith. He set up a workshop in Poble Nou where he produced vases and vessels. One of his most outstanding works was done for the Lleó i Morera House, where he made the ceramic banisters and mosaics found in the dining room representing scenes from the countryside.

  • Gaspar Homar i Mezquida (1870-1953)

    He was a decorator and carpenter. The son of a family of woodworkers, he moved to Barcelona to take advantage of the 1888 World Exhibition. Right away, he started working as an assistant in Francesc Vidal's workshop, and then he signed up to study at the School of La Llotja. He worked on decorating the Palau Montaner, the Institut Pere Mata in Reus and the Burés House. In Lleó i Morera House, he designed the set of furniture decorated with marquetry, wooden carvings and leaded glass. Today, the house's furniture can be found in Museu Nacional d’Art de Catalunya.

  • Josep Pey i Farriol (1875-1956)

    Painter, draughtsman and decorator. He studied at the Llotja School and specialized in painting fans. He worked on the inlaid furniture designed by Gaspar Homar. In Lleó i Morera House, he collaborated by making drawings of the inlaid furniture.

  • Antoni Juyol i Bach (1860-1917)

    He was a sculptor who specialized in applying his art to architecture. He studied at the Llotja School and opened his own workshop in Barcelona under the name of Juyol Hermanos. His early works focused mainly on funerary sculpture, until Josep Puig i Cadafalch commissioned him to be part of the group of sculptors for the Amatller House. He designed the sculptural ensembles for the Palau Baró de Quadras, the Navàs House in Reus, and Can Garí in Argentona. In the Lleó i Morera House, he participated in part of the sculpture of the façade and the interior, and in the decoration of the tempietto that tops the house.

  • Joan Carreras i Farré (1860-??)

    Sculptor and carver, and one of Gaspar Homar’s primary collaborators. In the Lleó i Morera House, he contributed to the carving of the Adoration of the Kings over the fireplace in the living room.

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